What is strabismus?
Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes are misaligned or point in different directions and do not turn together. About 4% of children have this condition. Strabismus can also affect adults. There are six muscles attached to the outside of each eye that control movement. Two move the eye right or left, and four move the eye up and down. To focus both eyes on something, all eye muscles of each eye much be balanced and working with the corresponding muscles of the other eye. When the muscles do not work together, the eyes are misaligned.
How does strabismus affect vision?
In normal vision, both eyes look at the same object at the same time. Strabismus prevents both eyes from focusing on one object at the same time. As a result, two conflicting images are sent to the brain. The image sent by the straight or dominant eye is clear, but the message sent by the misaligned or weaker eye is blurry. The brain is unable to blend the two images into one picture.
A child learns to ignore or suppress the image seen by the weaker eye. The stronger eye takes over, while the misaligned eye becomes lazy from lack of use. If left uncorrected, the weak or lazy eye will eventually develop amblyopia, or a loss of vision.
An adult who develops strabismus will usually experience double vision. The adult brain is already trained to receive images from both eyes and is unable to ignore the image from the misaligned eye.
How is strabismus treated?
If strabismus is not corrected by the age of six, a child can have poor vision for the rest of his or her life. A combination of corrective glasses, patching one eye, eye drops, eye exercises, and surgery is used to treat strabismus, depending on the specific problems for each case. As long as a treatment program is started early and followed carefully, strabismus can be corrected.
Children do not outgrow strabismus; prompt treatment is necessary to prevent permanent vision loss.
Symptoms of Strabismus
Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes are misaligned or point in different directions and do not turn together. About 4% of children have this condition. Strabismus can also affect adults. Children do not outgrow strabismus; prompt treatment is necessary to prevent permanent vision loss.
Do You Have Strabismus?
The best way to find out exactly what’s causing your vision problems is to make an appointment with an eye care professional. At The Eye Centers of Racine and Kenosha, we will check your eyes thoroughly to understand the reasons for your vision problems. And we’ll explain your choices for correcting the problems.
Here at The Eye Centers of Racine & Kenosha we keep up to date on new research and new treatments. Call 262 637 0500 today! to scheduled your appointment.
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