The most beautiful eyes are healthy ones. The first step towards healthy eyes is the eye exam. Our doctors recommend that you come in for an exam at least once per year.
Regular eye exams are one of the best ways to protect your vision because it allows our doctors to detect eye problems at their earliest stage — when they're most treatable. In addition to detecting and treating eye problems, our doctors can give you expert tips on reducing eyestrain and caring for your eyes.
We believe in building a special bond with our patients to create a trusting and comfortable environment. Our well trained office personnel always take the time to fully explain testing procedures and discuss the results with you honestly. Our goal is to make your trip to the doctor as pleasant as possible.
A complete eye exam involves a series of tests designed to evaluate your vision and check for eye diseases. Your doctor may use odd-looking instruments, aim bright lights directly at your eyes and request that you look through a seemingly endless array of lenses. Each test evaluates a different aspect of your vision.
Our doctors will...
- ...take a thorough history, noting anything that may require follow up and treatment. Our doctors do not overlook anything. That means you get quality, top notch care.
- ...utilize the best medical equipment in the world. Our doctor's eyes can only do so much so we utilize great technology to extend what doctors can see and do.
- ...examine the health of your eyes including screening tests for glaucoma, cataracts, and macular degeneration
- ...check for signs of high blood pressure, diabetes and other diseases that can be detected during the eye exam and can cause risks to your general health as well as your vision
- ...check your eyeglass and contact lens prescriptions for the sharpest distance, reading and computer vision
- ...test eye coordination and focusing skills. With so much emphasis on computers nowadays, people are failing to focus and train their eyes properly. We have solutions!
- ...prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, low vision aids, vision exercises, and medication for your individual needs
- ...thoroughly explain the results of your eye health and vision tests to you, and answer all of your questions
Besides these basic evaluations, you may need more specialized tests, depending on your age, medical history and risk of developing eye disease.
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Eye muscle test
This test examines the muscles that control eye movement, looking for weakness or poor control. Your eye doctor looks at your eyes as you move them in six specific directions and as you visually follow a moving object, such as a pen.
Visual acuity test
This test measures how clearly you can see from a distance. Your doctor will ask you to identify different letters of the alphabet printed on a chart 20 feet away. The letters get smaller as you move down the chart. You cover one eye and read aloud, then cover the other eye and read aloud.
Refraction refers to how light waves are bent as they pass through your cornea and lens. A refraction assessment helps your doctor determine a corrective lens prescription that will give you the sharpest vision. If you don't need corrective lenses, you won't have a refraction assessment.
Your doctor may use a computerized refractor to measure your eyes and estimate the prescription you need to correct a refractive error. Or he or she may use a technique called retinoscopy. In this procedure the doctor shines a light into your eye and measures the refractive error by evaluating the movement of the light reflected by your retina.
Your eye doctor fine-tunes this refraction assessment by asking you to look through a Phoroptor, a mask-like device that contains wheels of different lenses, and judge which combination gives you the sharpest vision. By repeating this step several times, your doctor finds the lenses that give you the greatest possible acuity.
Visual field test (perimetry)
Your visual field is the area in front of you that you can see without moving your eyes. This test will help you doctor determine if you have any problems with your side (peripheral) vision.:
Confrontation visual field exam - Your eye doctor sits directly in front of you and asks you to cover one eye. You look directly at your eye doctor while he or she moves his or her hand in and out of your visual field. You tell your doctor when you can see his or her hand.
Tangent screen exam - You sit a short distance from a screen and stare at a target at its center. You tell your doctor when you can see an object move into your peripheral vision.
Automated perimetry - Your eye doctor uses a computer program that flashes small lights as you look into a special instrument. You press a button when you see the lights.
Using your responses to one or more of these tests, your eye doctor makes a map of your peripheral vision. If you aren't able to see in certain areas, your eye doctor uses the map to help diagnose your eye condition.
A slit lamp is a microscope that enlarges and illuminates the front of your eye with an intense line of light. Your doctor uses this light to examine the cornea, iris, lens and anterior chamber of your eye.
When examining your cornea, your doctor may use eyedrops containing fluorescein (flooh-RES-ene) dye. The orange dye spreads across your eyes to help your eye doctor detect tiny cuts, scrapes, tears, foreign objects or infections on your cornea. Your eyes' tears will wash the dye away.
Retinal examination (ophthalmoscopy)
A retinal examination examines the back of your eye, including your retina, optic disk and the underlying layer of blood vessels that nourish the retina. Usually before your doctor can see these structures, your pupils must be dilated with special eyedrops. The eyedrops may sting briefly and might cause a medicinal taste in your mouth as the medication drains from your tear ducts into your throat.
Eye examAfter administering the eyedrops, your doctor will use a slit lamp along with the ophthalmoscope to look at the back of your eye. The slit lamp allows the doctor to see the back of your eye in great detail.
The retinal examination takes 5 to 10 minutes, but if you're given eyedrops, their effects won't wear off for several hours. Your vision will be blurry, and you'll have trouble focusing. You may not be able to drive, so make sure you have another way back to work or home. Depending on your job, you might not be able to work until the eyedrops wear off.
Glaucoma test (tonometry)
Tonometry measures the pressure inside your eyes. It helps your eye doctor detect glaucoma, a disease that causes pressure to build up inside your eyes and can cause blindness. Glaucoma can be treated if it's caught early.
Methods used to test for Glaucoma include:
- Noncontact tonometry - This method uses a puff of air to test the pressure in your eye. No instruments will touch your eye, so you won't need an anesthetic. You'll feel mild pressure on your eye, which can be uncomfortable, but it lasts only seconds.
- Pachymetry - This test measures the thickness of your cornea — an important factor in evaluating your intraocular pressure measurement. After applying numbing eye-drops, your eye doctor uses an instrument that emits ultrasound waves to measure your corneal thickness.
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The following tests may not performed at every exam but are important nonetheless. Feel free to download and print these tests to monitor your vision from home.
Used to test for and monitor
Used to test for a
deficiency in the ability
to see color.
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