What Is the Cornea?
The cornea is the clear front window of the eye. It covers the colored portion of the eye much like a watch crystal covers the face of a watch. The outermost layer of the cornea is called the corneal epithelium.
What Is A Corneal Erosion Or Abrasion?
The cornea can be scratched or injured by such things as a contact lens, a fingernail or a twig, vigorous rubbing of the eye, and other external sources, causing a corneal erosion or abrasion. Disease of the cornea can also be a contributing factor.
How Is This Painful Condition Treated?
The most common treatment is to patch the eye tightly, allowing the damaged epithelium to heal. Patching reduces pain by preventing the blinking eyelid from irritating the affected area. The eye is most painful when it moves, and since both eyes move together, it is often helpful to rest the other eye, reducing movement and further decreasing pain. An antibiotic may be prescribed to prevent infection.
Corneal erosions that are recurrent often require repeat patching or the use of ointments at bedtime. Sometimes a soft or bandage type contact lens is used to facilitate healing.
What Are Possible Complications?
If bacteria get into the tissues under the protective corneal epithelium, infection or corneal ulcer can occur. These can be very serious and may cause loss of vision in the eye. Anesthetic drops relieve pain but may keep the eye from healing properly if used repeatedly
What Is The Usual Outcome?
Usually the corneal erosion or abrasion will heal within a week. Sometimes however, the erosion can recur if the epithelium is disturbed or the eye is rubbed, which can frequently occur upon awakening.
In the majority of cases corneal erosion will heal completely Proper care by you and your ophthalmologist is necessary to help prevent serious consequences.
Do You Have Corneal Erosions?
The best way to find out exactly what?s causing your vision problems is to make an appointment with an eye care professional. At The Eye Centers of Racine and Kenosha, we will check your eyes thoroughly to understand the reasons for your vision problems. And we?ll explain your choices for correcting the problems.
Here at The Eye Centers of Racine & Kenosha we keep up to date on new research and new treatments. Call 262 637 0500 today! to scheduled your appointment.
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